Milk is a popular dairy product consumed throughout the day. There are different types and categories of milk depending on the production process and ingredients. Because their physical appearances are similar, it is quite difficult to distinguish evaporated milk from regular milk. What is the difference between evaporated milk and regular milk? Let’s find out in this article.
Evaporated milk is a canned milk product wherein 60% of the water has been removed from fresh milk. It has a long shelf life of months or even years, depending on the sugar and fat content added during production. Evaporated milk is produced by evaporating 60% of the water from the milk, followed by a homogenization process. It will then be canned and heat-sterilized. Because of the high heat process, a caramelized flavor is produced.
Evaporated milk must contain at least 6.5% of milk fat and at least 16.5% milk solids. Vitamin D is added to the evaporated milk before it is canned. It must be sealed in a container to prevent spoilage.
Evaporated milk is used as creamer in the Netherlands and Germany. In Malaysia and Singapore, it is usually added to brewed coffee and tea. Evaporated milk can be used to make silky smooth mac and cheese, mashed potatoes, and cheese sauce for French fries and nachos. It is also an ingredient in homemade ice cream.
Regular milk is usually cow’s milk with no content removed or added to enhance its flavor. After harvesting milk from cows, milk is refrigerated and agitated to ensure that the milk fat does not separate from the milk. It is then tested for bacteria count, protein, and milk fat content. It must meet certain quality standards before being further processed. Milk then undergoes the processes of pasteurization, homogenization, and packing. Its shelf life is usually seven days from production date.
Regular milk contains 3.4% protein, 3.6% fat, and 4.6% lactose. During breakfast, it can be consumed with cereal. In some Asian countries, milk and raisins are added to cooked brown rice to make rice pudding. Milk can be blended with banana or berries to make a delicious shake.
Evaporated Milk vs Regular Milk
While both evaporated and regular milk are technically the same milk, they have differences in the production process, content, and method of consumption.
Evaporated milk is produced by evaporating 60% of the water from regular milk. Regular milk just undergoes a pasteurization and homogenization process before being packed.
Evaporated milk must contain at least 6.5% milk fat and at least 16.5% milk solids while regular milk contains 3.4% protein, 3.6% fat, and 4.6% lactose.
Method of Consumption
Evaporated milk is often used as creamer in coffee or tea. It can also be used to make cheese sauce and ice cream. On the other hand, regular milk can be consumed as is or further prepared into rice pudding or a shake.
|Evaporated Milk||Regular Milk|
|Produced by evaporating 60% of the water from milk||Undergoes a pasteurization and homogenization process|
|Contains at least 6.5% milk fat and at least 16.5% milk solids||Contains 3.4% protein, 3.6% fat, and 4.6% lactose|
|Used as creamer in coffee or tea||Can be consumed as is|
|Shelf life of months or even years||Shelf life of seven days|
Here is a video showing how to make evaporated milk: