Bell peppers belong to the species Capscum annuum. While we are accustomed to green peppers being sold in groceries, this vegetable actually comes in a variety of colors: yellow, orange, red, green, and others. The most popular varieties bought and used by people in cooking are green bell peppers and red bell peppers. But what exactly is the difference between the two? Let us find out in this article.
Green Bell Peppers are immature non-ripe versions of peppers. It usually takes 100 days before a green pepper can be harvested. Although immature, they can be eaten. Their taste is slightly bitter although mild. Green peppers contain lots of chlorophyll. They can be eaten raw in salads, grilled in kebabs, and cooked in some dishes.
Red Bell Peppers are fully mature and ripe peppers. It take more than a week for a green pepper to transition into a red pepper and then be harvested. They have a sweet taste. Red peppers are good sources of lycopene and astaxanthin, as well as vitamin C and vitamin A. Similar to green peppers, they can be eaten raw, grilled or cooked.
Green vs Red Peppers
What’s the difference between green and red peppers?
Although technically they are the same vegetable, green and red bell peppers have a lot of differences in terms of maturity, time till harvest, flavor, nutrients, and price.
Green bell peppers are young and immature bell peppers. Red bell peppers are fully ripened versions of peppers that started out green.
Time till harvest
Green peppers take 100 days to harvest while the red peppers require seven to ten additional days. It is during this week that the color transitions from green to red.
Green peppers have a milder taste than red peppers. In addition, green peppers have a slightly bitter flavor but red peppers are slightly sweet.
Green peppers contain an abundance of chlorophyll while red peppers have more lycopene and astaxanthin. Red peppers contain more vitamin C and vitamin A than green peppers.
Because it takes longer for red peppers to be harvested, they are more expensive than green peppers.
|Green Bell Peppers||Red Bell Peppers|
|Have a mild flavor, slightly bitter||Have stronger taste, sweeter or spicier|
|Take 100 days to produce||Takes 107 to 110 days to produce|
|Young and immature peppers||Fully ripened peppers|
|Rich in chlorophyll||Rich in lycopene and astaxanthin|
|Lower priced||More expensive|