The two terms, winery and vineyard, go hand in hand since the vineyard offers raw materials that enable a winery to run, while a vineyard relies heavily on a winery as a source of market for its products. They do not, however, mean one and the same thing.
A winery is a building or property that produces wine, or a business that is involved in the production of wine. Aside from the wine making equipment, wineries also consist of bottling lines, laboratories and warehouses.
A vineyard is a tract of land where grapes are grown. These grapes are the main ingredients that are used in the wine making process.
|Refers to a physical structure in the form of a company where the processing of wine takes place||Refers to a tract of land where the agricultural work of planting and harvesting of grapes takes place|
|Activities that take place in a winery mainly involve the operation of processing machinery in the factory by experts skilled for these purposes||Activities that take place in a vineyard mainly involve agricultural activities such as planting and harvesting by skilled laborers employed to do this|
|Cannot be operational in the absence of a vineyard||Can operate even in the absence of a winery|
- Whereas a winery is a physical structure where the activities of processing wine take place, a vineyard refers to an agricultural piece of land where the activities of planting grapes that are the major ingredient in wine processing take place.
- Aside from this physical difference, the activities that take place in these two environments are also very different. In a winery, employees operate heavy machinery that crush the grapes from the vineyard with the sole intention of producing high quality wine that would be appealing to its consumers. In a vineyard, on the other hand, farmers till the land in preparation for the planting process. This is done to perfection so as to ensure that the end product that is harvested at maturity is high quality grapes.
- In as much as a vineyard can operate without a winery, a winery cannot operate without a vineyard. This is for the simple fact that grapes can be eaten raw as fruit, so their market would still be available in the absence of wineries. A winery, on the other hand, fully relies on grapes produced from the vineyard, and if grape farming ceased, wineries would cease to operate too since without grapes, which are their main ingredient of production, there would be no business as usual.