A common error among casual viewers and even fans of Star Wars is the use of the terms “clone trooper” and “stormtrooper”. Often, they are thought to be one and the same. However, there are significant differences between the two.
A clone trooper is a character in George Lucas’ famous science fiction film, Star Wars. Collectively, they are soldiers of the Grand Army of the Republic who were reproduced from the DNA of the bounty hunter, Jango Fett. They were created on Kamino to become a loyal and disciplined army that served under the command of the Jedi Order during the Clone Wars, which explains the name. At the conclusion of the wars, a chip was surgically implanted in them, causing them to turn against their Jedi commanders and effectively implement Order 66, an event led by Darth Sidious, also known as Palpatine, wherein the mission was to abolish the Jedi Order. The Republic then turned into the Galactic Empire, and eventually, with the death of Jango Fett at the Battle of Geonosis, the reproduction of clones ceased because genetic samples of the bounty hunter were no longer available. Consequently, the clone population dwindled, and the need for human recruits arose.
A stormtrooper is also a character in George Lucas’ famous science fiction film, Star Wars. After the death of the bounty hunter Jango Fett, from which the original soldiers or clone troopers of the Republic were reproduced, natural people were recruited and trained to serve the Galactic Empire under the leadership of Emperor Palpatine, also called Darth Sidious, along with his commanders, Darth Vader and Grand Moff Tarkin. This new brand of soldiers is called stormtrooper.
While both are soldiers in an army in Star Wars, they differ in nature, serve opposing authorities, and exist in separate times.
Clone troopers are replicas of the bounty hunter Jango Fett. Being modified clones, they all share the same qualities. They are loyal and effective soldiers who were created for the Republic, and fought alongside the Jedi generals against the droid armies. On the other hand, stormtroopers, in the event of Jango Fett’s demise, are no longer clones as the bounty hunter’s genetic sample had become inaccessible. Instead, they are natural people, recruited and trained to serve the former Republic turned into the Galactic Empire after the fulfillment of Order 66, under the leadership of Emperor Palpatine and Commanders Darth Vader and Grand Moff Tarkin. Additionally, because the former army was of modified clones and the latter was of natural people, a decline in the quality of soldiers throughout the Empire was also observed.
|modified replica of the bounty hunter, Jango Fett||natural person who was recruited and trained|
|fought for the Jedi Order||fought for the Sith Order|
|existed during the Republic (before the implementation of Order 66 which led to the beginning of the Empire)||existed during the Empire|
Below is the link to a video of further comparisons and contrasts between clone troopers and stormtroopers with regard to training, armor, and weapons.