Difference Between Demand and Supply
By Laura Lee - June 10, 2022

Supply and demand are basic economic principles used in a market setting where a manufacturing business and customers exist. They are also parts of an economic model, which is a tool for estimating the price and quantity of a commodity at a particular time and location. To comprehend the market system, one must thoroughly understand supply and demand, as these two factors govern the whole market. The desire for a product is backed up by the capacity and willingness to pay for it. On the other hand, supply refers to the whole amount of a product ready to be sold.

Table Summary

It is the quantity needed by consumers over a specific period.It refers to the number of goods sold by merchants in a specific period.
It indicates the purchasers’ eagerness to purchase.The willingness of sellers is represented by supply.
It is inversely proportional to the cost.It has a favorable relationship with the price. 


Demand is a customer’s desire for a specific product at a particular price, which they are willing to buy in one market at various prices throughout a set period. So, demand has two components: eagerness to purchase and cash to purchase.

The quantity (how much) of a product or service supplied by the manufacturer for sale at varying prices to clients within a specific period is supply. So, there are two drivers of supply: the quantity of product that producers desire or are willing to sell at different prices and the amount of product that producers have available to sell at any one moment.

Demand VS Supply

Marginal costs determine “Supply” The corporation must act as a perfect competitor. On the other hand, demand characterization is by marginal usefulness, and the customer is the necessity as the ideal competition in “demand.” Different factors influence supply and demand. The following aspects are considered by supply: product or service production costs, technology, the pricing of similar products or services, the company’s future expectations, and the number of suppliers or workers. Similarly, demand has characteristics that frequently reflect on customers, such as income, tastes, preferences, and price variation on a similar product or service.