We normally recognize ourselves as different from animals, and this is because there are a lot of substantial differences between us. Scientifically though, we humans fall under the Kingdom Animalia, which makes us one of them. Which now leads to the question ‘what are the ways that we humans can confidently say that we are different from animals?’
Animals are organisms composed of cells that contain a nucleus and other organelles (subunit within a cell) enclosed within membranes. This now separates the animal kingdom from bacteria and most protists which are non-eukaryotic and not multicellular. Just like humans, animals are motile and move independently and spontaneously, but for some, only at some point in their lives. This again would now separate animals from plants and algea. One distinguishing characteristic of animals is that they are heterotrophs, meaning they must feed to survive, either by ingesting other organisms or their products.
From the Latin word ‘animalis’, which means having breath, having soul, or living being, you can already tell that humans are part of the animal kingdom. Although humans may be part of the animal kingdom, the term ‘animal’ however is often used only to indicate non-human members. In terms of their reproduction, nearly all animals undergo some form of sexual reproduction.
Humans vs Animals
What are the differences between humans and animals?
Starting with the most obvious, humans have much higher intelligence than animals and have much more advanced communications. From the many species of animals, humans belong to only Homo Sapiens. Also, while most animals move on fours or by crawling, humans generally move on twos. In terms of their diet (since both are heterotrophs), animals tend to be either herbivores or carnivores, and humans omnivores.
Moving on, while some animals may also show signs of emotions, only humans are able to express them fully. While some animals are able to express emotions, it’s just in a limited way. Finally, with their high intelligence, humans have a wide variety of ideas that have generated laws, social relationships, and technologies.
|Highly intelligent||Limited Intelligence|
|Bipeds||Multi-pedal, Flight, Slither, Swim|
|Omnivore||Mostly herbivore or carnivore|
|Advanced communication||Limited communication|
|Are not endangered||Endangered|
|Changed and developed their environment||Simply survives in their environment|
|The power of reasoning||Not able to reason|
|Eukaryotic and multicellular||Eukaryotic and multicellular|