Difference between Interpersonal and Intrapersonal Communication
By Theydiffer - November 23, 2015

Psychologists and specialists in media studies suggest a variety of different types of communication. Interpersonal and intrapersonal communications are characterized by different qualities and we will take a closer look at these differences.

Definitions

A girl writing her diary as an example of intrapersonal communication

Intrapersonal communication is the type of communication in which a person is communicating to himself. It takes place entirely within a single individual. Purposes of intrapersonal communication can be of various kinds- from clarifying things to meditating and reflecting on complex ideas. There are several levels of activity in intrapersonal communication:

  • Internal discourse involving analysis and rendering information. Psychologists include various dreaming processes in this level of intrapersonal communication.
  • Solo vocal communication, which is performed in order to clarify things or to be relieved of certain thoughts.
  • Solo written communication. At this level of intrapersonal communication an individual expresses his thoughts on paper, being the sole possible reader of the written text. The example of this is a personal diary or an imaginary dialogue between two “identities” of a person via email. This level of intrapersonal communication has to be distinguished from the writings that are addressed to a future audience, such as poetry, love letters, etc.

Comparison chart

Interpersonal communicationIntrapersonal communication
Requires two or more personsRequires only one person
Takes a form of exchanging ideasTakes a form of thinking and analysis
May require mediaDoes not require media
A flow of informationInformation is circuited
VisibleInvisible

Interpersonal vs Intrapersonal Communication

What is the difference between interpersonal and intrapersonal communication?

  • Intrapersonal communication requires only one person. On the other hand, for interpersonal communication, there are at least two individuals required.
  • Intrapersonal communication usually takes the form of thinking and analyzing. Interpersonal communication, on the other hand, takes the form of exchanging ideas and developing concepts based on the results of the communication between the participating sides.
  • Intrapersonal communication doesn’t require any media to be used. One doesn’t need to call himself via telephone in order to talk the matter over with oneself. Media such as email or a notebook can be involved in intrapersonal communication, but solely for the purpose of self-expression and in order to help analyze the inner processes of an individual. Interpersonal communication, on the other hand, requires either verbal or non-verbal media in order to be performed for obvious reasons. People cannot communicate their thoughts without using language and the technical means to convey thoughts. There is an exception to this, known as “communication via thoughts,” where two minds feel connected, but the quality and productivity of such communication remain questionable.
  • The information in intrapersonal communication is intended only for the person who is producing it. The flow of information is on an internal circuit. In the case of interpersonal communication, on the other hand, the information is shared between at least two people. One of the consequences of this difference in the two types of communication, is that in the case of interpersonal communication the information shared is much more vulnerable and can theoretically be overheard and used by a third party.
  • Intrapersonal communication is invisible. Interpersonal communication in its direct form, on the other hand, is visible. A bystander can tell that two people are communicating with each other. A bystander cannot be sure a person is in the process of intrapersonal communication even if he is talking aloud to himself. After all, there might be a Bluetooth device involved.