You have heard people talking about lobbying and you have heard them talking about bribery. One is accepted while the other is sanctioned, and you have probably always been confused about what makes one a normal practice and the other a crime. Are they not basically the same thing? Where is the line drawn between the two?
Lobbying is the activity undertaken by individuals or by groups intended at influencing the decisions of politicians. It is a legal action in the sense that it merely implies the interested party stating a case in his favor in order to get the decision maker to make regulations that will suit the lobbyist. This is a practice used by environmental support groups, social NGOs, by groups fighting for various civil rights, but also by companies and individuals. The promise made by these people to the politician consists in votes and a strong support of his future candidacy.
At times, a decision maker can be torn between choosing public health over freedom of choice (as in the case of smoking regulations or abortion) and lobbyists may approach him on behalf of the interested parties and state their cases as well as present the number of people they represent or who could approve of the decision. Professional lobbyists can also be hired by these groups to state the cases in their favor. Lobby groups can organize fundraisers. But everything has to be very transparent.
Bribery means the exchange of money, goods and favors for a political decision and regulations. It is considered illegal because it implies a form of selling power to the highest bidder, leaving the disadvantaged members of society, the ones the system should be looking after, in a very vulnerable position. Bribes are usually unrecorded exchanges of money and benefits. Although in day to day life bribery can have different forms, like waivers from paying various taxes and fees, or free food, ads, trips and other benefits, at a political level bribery has a different value because it is risky and it really needs to influence the mind of the receiver.
Lobbying vs Bribery
So what is the difference between lobbying and bribery?
Lobbying and bribery have the same purposes: that of influencing the decision of a politician. The difference lies with what is being exchanged in favor of that decision. While lobbyists promise electoral support and a new endorsement in future elections, bribe givers give money and other benefits which are usually under the table and make for a deal which is unfair to the rest of the people.
Voices in all of the political, social and economic spheres claim that both practices are wrong and that they create an uneven system in which decisions are given based on benefits. Even the promise of electoral support can be considered a benefit, regardless of the fact that legally and officially this cannot be a guarantee in any way. In the eyes of some, this still makes lobbyists bribe givers.
|Done in favor of interest groups, companies or individuals; mainly done by professional lobbyists
|Done in favor of interest groups, companies or individuals
|Asking for a favorable decision in exchange for electoral support
|Asking for a favorable decision in exchange for various benefits
|Can organize fundraisers, but all money has to be accounted for and transparency is mandatory
|All exchanges are secret and done under the table
|Is frowned upon by many
|Is frowned upon by all