Difference between Art and Science

Updated on July 8, 2017

Although art and science are closely related disciplines, they greatly differ in a number of ways. This article provides information on the differences between the two.

Definitions

Art
A piece of artwork entitled “Spoliarium” by Juan Luna

Art is a broad range of human activities that serve as an expression of a person’s imaginative or technical skill. Intended to express or evoke emotions, art channels our inner thoughts, imagination, and feelings into visual or auditory activities. Art has its own emotional appeal and it can be used to convey a message to an audience.

The purpose behind the creation of an artwork may be grouped into two categories: non-motivated and motivated. Non-motivated art, as the name implies, is created without any underlying intention, while motivated art refers to artwork or art-related activities that aim to relay an important message to an audience. It may simply portray the emotions of the artist or it may aim to bring about political change within a country.

Science
Space exploration is a part of scientific research

Science is a systematic study that builds and organizes knowledge based on facts gathered through observation and scientific research. It is a broad collection of proven theories, explained phenomena, and experiments conducted by scientists and philosophers.

Science is divided into two major groups: natural sciences and social sciences. Natural science is the study of natural phenomena while social science is the study of human behavior and societies.

Art vs Science

So what’s the difference between art and science?

Firstly, art is a broad range of human activities that serve as self-expression. Science, on the other hand, is a systematic study that builds and organizes knowledge based on facts gathered through observation and scientific research.

Secondly, art expresses the artist’s imaginative or technical skill. It is a product of fiction and imagination, and it can emotionally impact a person. Science, on the other hand, is a product of a scientific research. It uncovers natural phenomena that occur not only on earth but in the entire universe.

People who create artwork or participate in art-related activities are called artists, while those who study science are generally called scientists.

Art is grouped based on purpose. The two types of art are motivated and non-motivated. Meanwhile, science is commonly divided into two major groups: natural sciences and social sciences.

Finally, art and science have differing goals. Art’s main purpose is to convey emotions, while the goal behind scientific experiments is to explain natural phenomena on earth.

Comparison Chart

ArtScience
A broad range of human activities that serve as self-expression

A systematic study that builds and organizes knowledge based on facts

A product of fiction and imagination

A product of scientific research
People who create artwork or participate in art-related activities are called artistsPeople who study science are called scientists

Divided into two groups: motivated and non-motivated

Divided into two groups: natural science and social science

Purpose is to convey emotions

Purpose is to explain natural phenomena on earth