Let’s take a look at this statement:
- My father and me/I went to a vegan restaurant yesterday.
Which pronoun should be used in this sentence? Many of you may be able to point it out instantly, but others may not be able to and may even say that both are correct and can be used interchangeably. But can they really? This article will discuss the uses and the difference between the pronouns “I” and “me.”
“I” is a subjective pronoun, which means it is used as a subject in a statement and is usually found in the beginning of a sentence. Its purpose is similar to that of the other personal pronouns like he, she, we, they, it and you. For example:
- I love pizza.
- Ugh! I can’t get this right!
- Mum and I easily get cold. Like mother like daughter! (“Mum and I” is the subject.)
- I, a concerned citizen of Stinson County, testify that my statements are true and correct.
- If you and I ever get married, it will certainly be in Phuket! (In this statement, the phrase “you and I” is the subject).
On the other hand, “me” is an objective pronoun, which means it can be a direct or indirect object. It serves the same purpose as other pronouns like him, her, it, you, them and us. Normally, the pronoun me follows a verb or preposition and is found in the last part of the sentence.
- You’re charging me $500 for a 5-minute long-distance call? Are you kidding me?
- I’m so happy because my dad finally decided to take me to the Harry Potter Studios next week!
- Patty is so generous. She always shares her lunch with Mike and me. (“Mike and me” is not the subject, but the object in this sentence.)
- Wow! Is this gift really for me?
- Between you and me, I think Manuel isn’t that great of a manager. (The word “between” needs an object after it, so we do not say between you and I.)
Both are personal pronouns, but their functions cannot be interchanged. “I” is used as a subject while the pronoun “me” is used as an object in a sentence. We cannot say “me is tired” because “me” is not a subject, and we cannot say, “my mom gave I a nice sweater” because “I” cannot be used as an object.
In some cases, especially when there are two or more subjects, choosing between “me” or “I” can be quite an ordeal. Knowing which subject to choose, however, is quite easy: remove the other subject. Let’s go back to our example in the beginning of the article, “My father and me/I went to a vegan restaurant yesterday.” To know which pronoun to use, remove the phrase “my father and.” Now it’s easy to pinpoint the correct pronoun. “I went to a vegan restaurant yesterday” is grammatically correct and “me went to a vegan restaurant yesterday” is not.
|Subjective pronoun||Objective pronoun|
|Has the same function as she, he, it, we and you||Has the same function as her, him, it, us and you|
|Usually found in the beginning of the sentence||Usually found in the last part of the sentence as a direct or indirect object|